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The shocking air gun, crossbow and catapult attacks on animals in Wales

Credit: RSPCA Cymru

Lethal weapons including crossbows, air guns, catapults and slingshots are being used to deliberately target and kill wildlife and pets in Wales, new data from the RSPCA reveals.

The animal charity has unveiled shocking new figures relating to deadly weapons used on animals over the past four years – with a horrifying crossbow attack on a squirrel one of the most recent attacks.

Since the beginning of 2020 (up to to May 2023), the RSPCA received 808* reports relating to animals being intentionally harmed with a weapon across England and Wales  – with 63 of these incidents happening in Wales.

Seven of these incidents came from Neath Port Talbot, six were in Conwy, and five each in Rhondda Cynon Taff and Caerphilly.

Air guns and rifles were responsible for the bulk of the incidents, with 658 reports made to the charity; but weapons such as catapults and slingshots accounted for a combined 124 incidents while there were 34 calls to the RSPCA about crossbow incidents.

Many incidents reported to the charity involve more than one animal being targeted at a time.

The UK’s under-threat wildlife tragically bore the brunt of the attacks, with 841 wild birds – including waterfowl and marine birds – shot by a gun or crossbow or hit by a catapult since the beginning of 2020. Shockingly, pet cats were also a prime target, with 262 cats deliberately attacked with weapons, followed by wild mammals (82), dogs (59), farm animals (41) and equines (26).

The charity has released the heartbreaking figures as part of its Cancel Out Cruelty campaign, in a bid to raise funds to help its frontline rescue teams continue to save animals from cruelty and abuse – like deadly weapon attacks.

RSPCA national wildlife coordinator Geoff Edmond said: “It is unspeakably cruel, totally unacceptable and illegal to shoot animals for ‘fun’ – or as target practice, but sadly our emergency line is receiving hundreds of reports.

“We think of ourselves as a nation of animal lovers, but the RSPCA’s experience shows that there are people out there who are deliberately targeting wildlife, pets and farm animals with guns, catapults and crossbows. These weapons cause horrific pain and suffering.

“Day after day, our frontline officers and animal centres see the sickening consequences of weapons being used on animals – severe injuries often leading to death.  And what we deal with is probably only the tip of the iceberg as not all cases will be reported to the RSPCA directly and there may be situations where animals injured and killed by these weapons are sadly never found – especially in the case of wildlife. This is why we need our supporters to back our Cancel Out Cruelty campaign so we can tackle this horrific trend.”

Examples of recent attacks in Wales include:

Air gun: In December an appeal for information was launched after a cat was shot by an air gun in Porth. Shockingly, Beauty the black cat who is nearly 10 years old, was shot twice by an airgun and received wounds to his chest and abdomen.

Luckily Beauty recovered from the incident after receiving treatment at the vets. Two pellets were removed.

Air gun: Two herring gulls died from their injuries after being shot with an airgun in Newport in June 2022. The bloodied bodies of the birds were discovered by staff outside the Howdens unit on the Maesglas Industrial Estate in Greenwich Road.

One of the gulls had sadly already died, with a pellet wound clearly visible above one eye.


Staff kindly put the other gull – who had also been shot in the head but was still alive – in a box before contacting the animal welfare charity for help. Unfortunately the extent of the injuries to the surviving gull were so severe that the bird was put to sleep on veterinary advice to prevent further suffering.

Air gun: A cat was shot in the head with an air gun in Wrexham last June. A pellet was found in the cat’s head and another scratch by pellet was found on his head.

Because air guns feature in so many reports of intentional harm against animals, the RSPCA has been campaigning to remove the loophole from firearm legislation which allows minors unsupervised possession of air weapons on private land, describing it as a ‘recipe for disaster’. The UK Government agreed with this proposal and in July 2022 undertook to amend the Firearms Rules 1998 to strengthen controls on access to airguns by minors, but this has yet to occur one year on.

All wild birds, including swans, are protected under the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981 and it is an offence to intentionally kill, injure or take them except under licence. The maximum penalty, if found guilty, is six months in prison and/or an unlimited fine.

Anyone caught deliberately using an air gun to injure an animal can face up to five years in prison and/or an unlimited fine if found guilty under the Animal Welfare Act.

Geoff added: “Right now, animal cruelty is happening in England and Wales on a massive scale. It is heartbreaking that we are seeing such sad figures which show animal cruelty is so prevalent in our society.

“Each year, reports of cruelty reach a terrible annual peak in the summer months – and we’re braced for another summer of reports about innocent animals being targeted by air rifles, catapults and other deadly weapons. We need the help of our supporters so we can cancel out cruelty once and for all.”

As the only charity in England and Wales investigating cruelty and rescuing animals, the RSPCA needs support to stay out on the frontline:

  • £2 could help to provide a meal for a cat or dog in our care

  • £6 could help pay to feed a dog for a day in our care

  • £10 could help pay towards bandages for a cat or dog

  • £15 could help pay for a cat or dog’s clinical exam

  • £20 could help pay towards a bird catching kit

  • £30 could help pay for a life jacket for an inspector

  • £100 could help pay towards water rescue equipment

  • £500 could kit out a 4×4 inspector van