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The Fundamentals of Investing: Introduction to Share Prices

Let’s start with the basics! What is share price? Also known as a “stock price,” it is the cost of purchasing one share of a corporation. A share’s fee is not fixed and varies as per market conditions. It will most likely rise if the company is regarded as doing well and fall if it fails to meet expectations.

How to Examine Stock Prices

To precisely investigate share prices, you need to apply both fundamental and technical analysis. 

  • Fundamental analysis focuses on determining if a stock is over or undervalued. It accomplishes this by examining each company’s perceived ability to earn a profit, focusing on macroeconomic statistics, financial statements, and senior management actions.
  • Technical analysis uses past chart data to forecast future price movements of stocks. By reviewing recent share price trends, technical analysts can often predict if a stock is poised to begin a bullish or bearish trend.

Understanding the Stock Industries

To begin your investment journey, it is beneficial to be familiar with and comprehend the economic sectors into which the stock market is split. These sectors provide a framework for the market and are crucial to examine because industries frequently move together. 

Listed below are explanations of a few of the sectors:

Consumer Staples

Companies in the consumer staples sector manufacture essential food products and beverages, personal care items, and household goods. Consumers believe these items to be vital, and they frequently purchase them. Coca-Cola, Procter & Gamble, Colgate-Palmolive, and Walmart are some of the most well-known corporations in this industry. 

This sector is reasonably solid because it includes companies that consumers will continue to buy from even in moments of emergency.

Consumer Discretionary

These are the businesses where customers spend their extra money. Retailers, fashion companies, restaurants, and service providers are all part of the consumer discretionary industry. McDonald’s, Nike, Gap, and General Motors are well-known corporations in this industry.


Financial stocks include many businesses, including banks, insurance, payment processing firms, and others. Morgan Stanley, Visa, and Bloomberg are well-known corporations in this industry. Because financial institutions are linked to the economy, they offer an opportunity to trade overall market patterns. 

Financial stocks are less active due to their stabilizing systems and rigorous regulation. Moreover, they are typically considered solid enterprises and suitable long-term investments.


Technology firms typically concentrate on software, hardware, or process-related innovations. Investing in technology equities has grown in popularity over the last two decades. Meta (formerly Facebook), Apple, Microsoft, and Alphabet are some of the most well-known corporations in this industry. 

It is crucial to remember that tech stocks can be pretty volatile because the technology industry comprises rapidly rising companies.


Trading energy stocks allows you to purchase and sell shares in companies that extract or manufacture vital resources such as crude oil, natural gas, and electricity. Large oil giants such as Royal Dutch Shell, BP, and Exxon Mobil control most of the energy sector. 

The success of energy sector stocks is generally linked to the price of crude oil. The energy sector is typically stable, but its vulnerability to geopolitical events can sometimes undergo tremendous volatility.