Steel has been around forever, but some new materials are being touted as better options than classic metal. What are they, why are they beneficial, and should you consider using them instead of steel?
Steel is a versatile material that’s very durable, affordable, and quickly found at home improvement stores. From roof shingles to drain pipes, steel is widely used across various applications.
These metals also have their own set of benefits and drawbacks that make them superior or inferior, depending on your needs. Read on for more information before you buy steel online:
What is Carbon Steel?
Carbon steel is made up of iron and carbon. It’s one of the most common types of steel used in construction because of its durability, affordability, and ease of welding. As with metal alloys, each type of steel has different properties, including hardness, malleability, flexibility, tensile strength, and yield strength.
The two main types of carbon steel are low-carbon (LCC) and high-carbon (HCC). LCC steel contains 0.05 percent carbon by weight; HCC steel ranges from 0.25 to 1.5 percent carbon.
Why Use Low-Carbon Steel vs. High-Carbon Steel?
The difference between these grades is the amount of carbon left after refining. Most manufacturers use either LCC or HCC steel to produce flat products like roof shingles, siding, and driveway pavers. LCC steel is typically less expensive than HCC steel, making it easier for homeowners to replace old roofs and driveways without breaking too much budget.
If you need a product with more excellent resistance to wear and tear, go with HCC steel. This grade gives you more bangs for your buck while maintaining longevity. You can get a high-quality patio umbrella with this material.
What Is Mild Steel?
Mild steel combines carbon and alloying elements, like manganese and chromium. It’s not considered actual “steel” due to its lower melting point, but it does share many similar qualities with traditional steel. When selecting mild steel, look for products that contain 3/16 inch thick plates or sheets. The thickness will vary by manufacturer.
Mild steel is often preferred when working with smaller parts, such as screws, bolts, nuts, and washers. Because it isn’t as strong as HCC steel, mild steel won’t hold up against larger forces. However, it makes a great choice if you need something lightweight and inexpensive for small projects.
Mild Steel Vs. Carbon Steel – Which Is better?
Both carbon steel and mild steel can be used for several purposes. So what exactly is the difference between these two types of steel? And why would I want to choose one over the other? Let’s take a closer look.
It is found throughout residential construction. It’s affordable and durable, but it’s susceptible to corrosion. It doesn’t handle large loads well and tends to buckle under strain. If you’re looking for a long-lasting construction project, pick out an LCC steel option.
This type of steel is lighter and stronger than LCC steel, so it’s ideal for projects requiring structural integrity. Unlike LCC, this material is resistant to rust. Although it may cost slightly more upfront, you’ll save money on maintenance costs later down the road. Mild steel also works well for outdoor applications exposed to harsh weather conditions.
When choosing which type of steel to work with, think about the load capacity of your application. A backyard deck probably won’t have the same demands as a heavy-duty structure in a warehouse.
Carbon steel and mild steel are both excellent materials to consider, but some applications require a higher level of strength, that’s why we recommend using either HCC or stainless steel, depending on the circumstances.