Researchers from Swansea University are part of a project to trial a new method of measuring tidal currents which could revolutionise the marine renewables industry.
The project, led by the University of the Highlands and Islands, will use drones to film the movement of water then apply algorithms to determine its speed.
It is hoped the technique could provide a simple, effective way to identify locations for underwater tidal turbines which will reduce costs for renewable energy developers and generate opportunities for developing countries. Current methods for measuring tidal streams rely on using survey vessels or installing seabed sensors which can be time consuming and expensive.
Dr Benjamin Williamson is leading the 12-month project along with colleagues from Swansea and Bangor University. The team will run tests in the Pentland Firth in Scotland and the Ramsey Sound off the coast of Pembrokeshire in various weather conditions.
Dr Williamson said “Measuring the flow speed and movement of water is vital for developing offshore renewable energy. These measurements are needed to predict the performance and inform the placement of underwater tidal stream turbines or to optimise the moorings and design of floating turbines. However, gathering these measurements is typically high-cost and high-risk.
“Our aerial technique offers a cost-effective way to support environmentally-sustainable development of marine renewable energy. We hope to help address the climate emergency by advancing our ability to generate reliable, clean energy.”
Dr Iain Fairley, from Swansea University’s College of Engineering, added: “The work builds upon previous tool development in the EU-funded Selkie project. The project will provide comprehensive validation of drone-based surface current measurements and, importantly, provide a relationship between surface currents and currents at the depths where turbines will be installed.
“This is crucial to provide developers with the confidence to utilise this cutting-edge tool.”
Dr Jared Wilson, Renewables and Energy Programme Manager at Marine Scotland Science, said: “By gathering high resolution hydrodynamic data at offshore renewable energy sites, the project will improve our understanding of the potential effects of such technologies and help ensure that they continue to be delivered in an environmentally sustainable manner.”
The ‘validating surface currents at offshore renewable energy sites’ (V-SCORES) project is being funded by the Supergen Offshore Renewable Energy Hub, a £9 million Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council project led by the University of Plymouth.